How to treat a wound in a dog

A dog’s skin is generally made up of superficial layers that are particularly effective against bacterial attacks. However, when a wound occurs that challenges the integrity of the skin, it is important to take the right steps to avoid the risk of infection and the penetration of various pathogenic bacteria into the body. In fact, a dog’s wound – whether it’s a simple scratch, a sting or a bite – should never be taken lightly. Whether it bleeds or not, and no matter how small the injury, it can cause serious consequences.

Did your dog get hurt while walking, running or playing? Here’s how to treat the wound!

1- Calm, reassure and immobilize the dog

When a dog is injured – even though he is the gentlest and most gentle of animals – his reactions can become violent in the face of pain and suffering. The first thing to do, therefore, before you start treating the wound is to calm the animal. You should first reassure the animal by petting it, and by talking to it in a soft voice to invite it to lie down. When he is calm enough, you can gently put a muzzle on him. If you don’t have a muzzle, you can tie one around his muzzle. Again, as a precaution, get another person to help you keep your dog still. But above all, stay calm so as not to stress your dog.

2- Treating a dog’s wound : cleaning the wound

Whether the wound is bleeding or not, it is important to clean and disinfect it. To do this, start by cutting the hair around the wound with a small scissors.

If the wound is bleeding, take a clean cloth and use it to apply firm pressure to the wound. This will stop the bleeding.

If the wound is not bleeding, you can immediately clean the affected area with soap and water or saline. Choose natural, fragrance-free soaps such as Marseille soap. Do not use liquid soap or cleansing gel. With a sterile compress, gently rub the wound to remove all kinds of dirt and foreign bodies that are embedded in it. Once the wound is clear and clean, you can proceed with disinfection.

3- Treating a dog’s wound : disinfecting the wound

Use a new sterile compress to disinfect the wound with an antiseptic product: Betadine, Vetedine or Hexamidine. Do not use alcohol or hydrogen peroxide, which could irritate the pain and also the mood of your dog. Aqueous chlorhexidine is also recommended.

4- Treating the dog’s wound : the dressing

When the wound is well disinfected, you can now proceed with the dressing. To do this, apply a new sterile compress to the wound and hold it in place with a protective bandage. Make sure it is not too tight or too airy. Secure it with a plaster or strips. In order to control the evolution of the wound and its healing, renew the bandage every 24 hours, remembering to disinfect the wound with each new bandage.

5- Precautions to take

When dressing, make sure that the wound does not show any redness, bleeding or other signs of infection. Always make sure that the dressing is dry and that your dog is not able to remove the dressing or lick the wound. Indeed, contrary to popular belief, the dog’s saliva does not contribute to the disinfection of the wound. On the contrary, it risks moistening the wound and infecting it with the microbes that it could deposit there.

At the slightest sign of infection, or if the wound is too hemorrhagic to control the bleeding, do not hesitate to consult your veterinarian.

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